european spindle tree leaf

European Spindle Tree (Euonymus Europaeus) 25 seeds (#208). Leaves • Opposite, oval-shaped • Finely toothed leaf margins • Dull green • 1 - 3” long • Red autumn foliage. ---Description---The Spindle Tree found in our hedges and copses is a smooth-leaved shrub.The leaves have very short stalks, are opposite in pairs and have minute teeth on the margin. RI, acta hortic. European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea. European Spindle ( Euonymus sp. ) Discover thousands of New England plants. Up for sale European Spindle Tree Euonymus europaeus 10 Seeds. The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species ). Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, shrublands or thickets. Fruit The small greenish-white flowers are borne in June in loose cluster in the leaf axils. Also covers those considered historical (not seen CT, MA, ME, to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The pods, red and generally four-chambered, appear in autumn. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Chromolithograph from Carl Lindman's 'Bilder ur Nordens Flora' (Pictures of Northern Flora), Stockholm, Wahlström & Widstrand, 1905. Family. It is found all over Europe in well-lit deciduous forests, and shrub growths along roads. The undersides of the leaves are glabrous, unlike the similar E. atropurpureus, which has leaves with pubescent undersides. Facts. The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species). Euonymus japonicus. 550, 125-128 Acta Hortic. Euonymus europaeus L. Common Spindle-tree. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. Native to Europe. 3.  Euonymus europaeus, commonly called European spindletree, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native from Europe to western Asia. • Deciduous shrub or small tree, 12’ - 30’ tall • Greenish-red twigs, gray-brown older bark. Shrub/Tree, broadleaf deciduous, broad spreading Height : 1.22m to 2.39m included Origin : Worldwide Environment : forest edges, on deep fertile soil Climate : temperate Notes : The Euonymus genus features several species that grow worldwide, although in most part in the temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The leaves of Euonymus europaeaare simple, opposite, unlobed and finely toothed. Its dull dark green leaves get to about 3.5 inches long by a little over 1 inch wide and is early to leaf out in spring. Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) Spindle. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Japanese spindle tree Botanical Name. Initial symptoms appear 12-18 hours after ingestion, and if not treated, end in circulatory failure. Type of poison - glycosides. This is a shrub or a small tree with an irregular crown. Has Deciduous foliage. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. The growth form is often that of a small tree, or less often a shrub. Maximum height - 6 m Distribution - Europe Lindman (1856-1928) was Professor of Botany at the Swedish Museum of Natural History (Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet). Buy spindle tree Euonymus europaeus Red Cascade - Fantastic autumn colour and gorgeous berries: 2 litre pot: £19.99 Delivery by Crocus ... A large deciduous shrub, a native of European hedgerows, from which the wood was traditionally used for making spindles. Flowers • Inconspicuous, 0.5” wide • Yellow-green • 4 petal-like parts • Blooms May - June. From a shining blue-mid-green (paler on the under-side) they fade in autumn to yellow, russet and crimson. in part by the National Science Foundation. 30 pods are a fatal dose for an adult. Japan, China and Korea. This plant has some cultivated varieties. EUROPEAN SPINDLE TREE, EUROPEAN EUONYMUS. Family. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. Marcus Webb/ FLPA / European Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) close-up of leaf, growing in woodland, Vicarage Plantation, Mendlesham, Suffolk, England, September / 80165627 Practical info. State documented: documented The tree can be found throughout woodland areas, and is quite beautiful. Widely adapted plant. 2020 The spindle is at its loveliest in autumn when its leaves turn russet and its pink and orange fruits ripen. Best ornamental features are its showy fall fruit and sometimes superb fall leaf color. A deciduous shrub or small tree from 10 to 25 ft high, forming a spreading, bushy head, often naked towards the ground, not downy in any part. Basic information: Division: - angiosperms (Magnoliophyta) Class - eudicots (Rosopsida) Maximum height - 6 m Distribution - Europe Type of poison - glycosides. Euonymus europaeus It bears red pods in the fall, which often attract the attention of children. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. state. the state. Problem with scale insects. Euonymus europaeus, the spindle, European spindle, or common spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils. unintentionally); has become naturalized. (intentionally or Can you please help us? Exact status definitions can vary from state to European spindle tree, common spindle. Common name(s): Spindle – European or Common, Spindle Tree Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Celastraceae Origin: Europe to Turkey, Caucasus More infos: USDA zone 4. Wildlife loves its leaves and fruit, and aphids flock to it, bringing with them an array of their predators. ...cream made with spindle extract provides effective protection against ticks. Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. ...charcoal from spindle wood is used in manufacturing painting supplies and gunpowder? Euonymus europaeus. Class - eudicots (Rosopsida) Expand. European spindle trees typically have no significant disease or insect problems but can contract anthracnose, crown gall, leaf spot, mildew, twig blight, and scale. - Minden Pictures - (euonymus or euonymu) and (europaeus or europaeu) Note: when native and non-native you. Basic information: Spindle tree Botanical Name. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi (Iran), while it may have given its name to the ancient Greek settlement of Euonymeia. Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. These burst open when ripe and release white seeds with an orange coating. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Copyright: various copyright holders. Leafsnap is an electronic field guide for tree and plant species in New York City and Washington, DC. Images of the European Spindletree (Euonymus europaeus), including photos of the leaf, flower, fruit, seed, petiole, bark, and tree. Euonymus europaeus - Spindle Tree. ...spindle seeds contain an oil that was used in poultices for treating skin ailments cause by parasites, ? It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Euonymus europaeus is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft 8in). It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. It was especially effective against lice. What does it look like? Euonymus / j uː ˈ ɒ n ɪ m ə s / is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae.Common names vary widely among different species and between different English-speaking countries, but include spindle (or spindle tree), burning-bush, strawberry-bush, wahoo, wintercreeper, or simply euonymus.It comprises about 130 species of deciduous and evergreen … Go Botany: Native Plant Trust VT. Roadsides, forest fragments, abandoned homesteads, riparian forests, areas of habitation. The tallest types of small palms such as spindle palm may reach 20 feet (6 m). The European spindle tree is a little known plant that provides lots of food for birds and insects. And also as European spindle and common spindle, is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Celastraceae, native to Spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) Spindle tree on a maple leaf … Celastraceae (spindle tree) Also known as. Hairless, evergreen shrub or small tree (<7 m tall) with much branched stems. Euonymus europaeus. Japanese laurel . It bears small greenish-white flowers, in loose clusters, during May and June, followed by an abundance of fruits. All images and text © european spindle tree and common privet a new natural hosts of plum pox virus. All rights reserved. Go to list of cultivars. close. Your help is appreciated. Distinguishing marks: The poison includes several glycosides: evobioside, evomonoside, evonoside. 550, 125-128 DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.550.17 is shown on the map. The leaves very from oval to lance-shaped, with a finely toothed margin and a pointed tip. in 20 years). The Go Botany project is supported Take a photo and ...the flexible wood was used to make canes? Found this plant? They have upturned dark green stalked leaves with serrated edges. Cases of poisoning occur often in children, after ingesting the bright red pods. All Characteristics, the sepals are fused to each other (not other flower parts), at least near their bases, the base of the leaf blade is attenuate (tapering very gradually to a prolonged tip), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow. The plant blooms in May-June, with small yellow-green flowers nestled in the leaves. Severe cases can include unconsciousness and kidney failure. NH, It … to exist in the county by European Euonymus, Common Spindle Tree Celastraceae. Spindles are robust shrubs, even small trees, reaching a height of up to 6 meters. Industrious, delicate, colourful. Minden Pictures is recognized worldwide as the foremost provider of wildlife and nature stock photography for use by publishing and advertising professionals. Spindle is not a particularly well known wood. To reuse an The fall color is usually just yellow-green to dull yellow, but some can get … Leaf / Flower color - Green / --Plant growth rate - Medium The rounded form of spindletree is lacklustre until autumn when its pink to red fruits split open to show the orange-covered white seeds and its glossy foliage changes to tones of yellow or red. Non-native: introduced ...due to their glycoside content, oil extracted from spindle seeds was used as an agent to induce vomiting? It is often planted as a decorative plant in parks. Poisonings have even been recorded in carpenters working with spindle wood. The European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea, is a deciduous UK-native tree that is most identifiable by its clusters of white flowers that appear in early summer, transforming into vivid pink fruits with bright orange seeds by the autumn, also the time when the leaves turn a spectacular shade of crimson. We depend on populations both exist in a county, only native status post Family: Celastraceae. a sighting. Euonymus europaea - image is under CC-BY-SA, from University of Vienna, Institute for Botany - Herbarium WU, Euonymus europaea - image is under CC-BY-NC, from Tamara Horová. Also covers Symptoms are nausea, dizziness, strong stomach pains, vomiting and diarrhea. Show Europe. Small Palm Tree Facts. Division: - angiosperms (Magnoliophyta) Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. native to Europe; hardy to zone 4; is invasive in the United States; Habit and Form ... Summer Foliage. What does it look like? Where is it originally from? Distinguishing marks: Spindles are robust shrubs, even small trees, reaching a … Habitat. The rounded form of spindletree is lacklustre until autumn when its pink to red fruits split open to show the orange-covered white seeds and its glossy foliage changes to tones of yellow or red. While a 20-foot palm tree seems very tall, they are small in comparison to large types of palm trees that grow up to 100 feet (30 m). County documented: documented Utility friendly tree. Where is it originally from? Height: 20 feet. European spindle - Euonymus europaea. Has fragrant Leaf. Tree Characteristics. The smallest type of outdoor palms like dwarf palmetto may only reach about 3 feet (1 m) tall. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). This European Spindletree is an upright large shrub or small tree is native to Europe and western Asia. Additional Common Names. Celastraceae (spindle tree) Also known as. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. For details, please check with your state. L. E. European spindle-tree. Much-branched, deciduous shrub or small tree (<6m tall) with smooth, grey bark and young branches that are square, green and smooth. When native and non-native populations both exist in the county by evidence ( herbarium specimen, )... Recognized worldwide as the foremost provider of wildlife and nature stock photography for use by publishing and advertising..: spindles are robust shrubs, even small trees, reaching a … spindle euonymus! ( # 208 ) to fashion spindles for spinning wool are its showy fruit! Of outdoor european spindle tree leaf like dwarf palmetto May only reach about 3 feet ( 1 )! Red and generally four-chambered, appear in autumn to yellow, russet and its pink orange. Pictures is recognized worldwide as the foremost provider of wildlife and nature stock photography for use by publishing advertising! 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